Home» News» News» Media»
Media

色秀直播app破解版污

MAR . 09 2018
China wants people to have more children - so it needs more child-friendly policies to encourage parenthood。

"We will raise the personal income tax threshold and create expense deductions for items such as children's education and treatment for serious diseases, appropriately lightening burdens and encouraging our people to increase their incomes and achieve prosperity through hard work."

This paragraph in the Government Work Report, which Premier Li Keqiang presented on March 5, shows the government is about to take an important step that will touch people's lives and livelihoods.

 

小酒窝直播app最新版下载

 

The comprehensive second-child policy, which allows all couples to have two children, has been a big change over the past five years, as Li pointed out in the report.

However, experience shows that just easing the family planning policy will not increase China's birth rate. Corresponding measures, such as implementing favorable social and economic policies to promote childbearing, also need to be taken to increase the birth rate and build a sustainable demographic future. Hopefully, the tax reduction, aimed at improving people's livelihoods, will be one of a series of policies that will help create a parent-friendly environment by cutting the cost of raising children.

China's newborn population in 2017 was 17.23 million, about 630,000 fewer than in 2016, according to National Bureau of Statistics data. But the figure was 790,000 more than the average annual newborn population before the family planning policy was revised during the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) period, and implemented from Jan 1, 2016, allowing all couples to have two children. It was also the second-highest since 2000.

The population of newborn second children last year was 8.83 million, up by 1.62 million from 2016 and accounting for more than 51.2 percent of the overall newborn population.

Although the new family planning policy achieved initial success last year, the population of newborn first children declined. The population of newborn first children last year was 7.24 million - 2.49 million fewer than in 2016 - and the birth rate was only 1.243 percent, also lower than in 2016.

Many experts predicted there would be a baby boom between 2016 and 2018 following the implementation of the new family planning policy. But the NBS data are not optimistic. In 2016, the overall newborn population was only 1.31 million more than in 2015, while the newborn second-child population increased by only 570,000. In fact, both the birth rate and newborn population declined last year, reflecting the great challenge posed to China's demographics by the low fertility rate.

A low fertility rate seems to have become the new normal, and the long-term low birth rate could be a major demographic risk for China. The high cost of parenthood has made many couples of childbearing age wary of having a second child, with some deciding to not become parents at all.

Many couples are also worried about not being able to devote enough time to their children because of their busy everyday schedules.

蘑菇视频app破解版污

However, there are certain things we could do to increase the low birth rate. The authorities need to improve public services related to childbearing and education. This will help couples overcome their problems and fears about bringing up children.

The easing of fiscal and taxation policies, which will reduce childbearing costs, could also encourage couples to have two children. The move to increase the threshold of the individual income tax, highlighted in the Government Work Report, is a step in the right direction, but more needs to be done. For instance, fiscal policy should be designed to make income distribution fairer, in order to encourage all couples to have two children.

Moreover, the authorities should calculate the average cost of raising a second child and help couples to reduce their economic burden by giving subsidies to parents for having a second child.

Many countries grant economic subsidies or tax exemptions to couples with newborns so that they can have more children. For instance, the Singaporean government gives a subsidy to couples with newborns, and in Canada children get a "milk subsidy" according to their age. The Japanese government gives a childbirth subsidy to every couple with a newborn, and the Russian government has established a "mother welfare fund" project for families that have more than one child. China could learn from the experiences of such countries.

Some experts suggest that the government should further reduce individual income tax for families with two children.

The authorities should also increase investment in public services and facilities related to childcare and education, especially creches, nurseries and preschools. In particular, they should promote the construction and development of public childcare centers to reduce the economic burden of families with infants and toddlers.

Parents with two children should be the norm in Chinese society, but for that to happen we need to build a childbearing-friendly social atmosphere and policy environment.

The author is a professor at the Population Research Institute of Peking University. The views do not necessarily reflect those of China Daily.

By Mu Guangzong

Source: China Daily

 

色秀直播app破解版污 Copyright tx_-1 tx_lh15 c_tx0"> © 2015 Peking University
Peking University, No.5 Yiheyuan Road Haidian District, Beijing, P.R.China 100871
webmaster@pku.edu.cn
京ICP备05065075号
京公网安备 110402430047 号
笔芯直播app下载新版本 大小姐直播app最新版下载 木瓜视频app下载新版本 久草app下载新版本 么么直播app最新版下载 橘子视频app最新版下载 萝卜视频app破解版污 享爱app最新版下载 猫咪视频app破解版污 花姬直播app最新版下载 仙人掌app最新版下载 黄瓜app下载新版本 梦幻直播app下载新版本 雨燕直播app破解版污 和欢视频app下载新版本 黄鱼视频app破解版污 盘她app下载新版本 9uuapp破解版污 蝴蝶直播app下载新版本 享爱app破解版污 小怪兽直播app破解版污 快猫视频app下载新版本 茄子视频app下载新版本 粉色app破解版污 6房间视频直播app最新版下载 葫芦娃app最新版下载 卖肉直播app最新版下载 豆奶app下载新版本 享爱app最新版下载 盘她s直播app破解版污 橘子视频app最新版下载 小喵直播app最新版下载 小蝌蚪视频app下载新版本 大小姐直播app破解版污 探花直播app下载新版本 最污直播app最新版下载 彩色直播app破解版污 蜜柚直播app下载新版本 后宫app下载新版本 小草视频app下载新版本 恋人直播app最新版下载 合欢视频app破解版污 花样视频app破解版污 仙人掌app破解版污 春水堂app破解版污 荔枝app最新版下载 9uuapp最新版下载 黄瓜视频app破解版污 食色短视频app最新版下载 小公主直播app破解版污 9uuapp最新版下载 烟花巷app下载新版本 酷咪直播app下载新版本 秀色直播app下载新版本 Avnightapp下载新版本 圣女直播app下载新版本 火辣直播app最新版下载 樱花雨直播app最新版下载 水果视频app破解版污 丝瓜app最新版下载 卡哇伊app破解版污 番茄社区app破解版污 小奶狗视频app下载新版本 水蜜桃app破解版污 黄瓜视频人app下载新版本 圣女直播app下载新版本 樱花app破解版污 豆奶短视频app下载新版本 主播大秀app最新版下载 番茄社区app破解版污 豌豆直播app下载新版本 午夜直播间app破解版污 swag台湾app破解版污 千层浪app破解版污 swag台湾app下载新版本 年华直播app下载新版本 花心视频app最新版下载 蝴蝶直播app最新版下载 小狐仙视频app破解版污 小奶猫app破解版污 蝶恋花直播app破解版污 香草成视频人app最新版下载 iavboboapp破解版污 成版人茄子视频app下载新版本 小优app最新版下载 梦幻直播app破解版污 猛虎视频app破解版污 橙子直播app破解版污 黄页荔枝app最新版下载 佳丽直播视频app下载新版本 泡泡直播app最新版下载 ML聚合直播app破解版污 水果视频app最新版下载 水果视频app下载新版本 主播福利app下载新版本 彩色直播app下载新版本 小狐仙视频app下载新版本 月光宝盒直播app破解版污 比心app下载新版本 妖妖直播app最新版下载 牛牛视频app下载新版本 猫咪软件app下载新版本 小酒窝直播app下载新版本 千层浪直播app最新版下载 69热app下载新版本 七仙女直播app下载新版本 小小影视app破解版污 初见直播app最新版下载 快狐app最新版下载 月亮直播app下载新版本 食色app下载新版本 抖阴直播app最新版下载 Avnightapp下载新版本 夜猫视频app最新版下载 雨燕直播app破解版污 逗趣直播app最新版下载 污软件app下载新版本 health2app最新版下载 杏趣直播app破解版污 米老鼠直播app最新版下载 享爱app最新版下载 鸭脖视频app破解版污 萝卜视频app最新版下载 卖肉直播app破解版污 蜜桃app最新版下载 爱爱视频app最新版下载 爱爱视频app最新版下载 月色直播app最新版下载 抖阴直播app下载新版本 大秀直播app破解版污 樱花app最新版下载 花狐狸直播app最新版下载 蜜柚app破解版污 番茄视频app下载新版本 香草视频app下载新版本 麻豆传媒直播app破解版污 宅男之家app最新版下载 佳丽直播视频app破解版污 快猫app下载新版本 福利直播app破解版污 Avboboapp破解版污 花样视频app破解版污 台湾swagapp下载新版本 欢喜视频app下载新版本 蝴蝶直播app破解版污 泡泡直播app最新版下载 富二代app下载新版本 蓝颜app下载新版本 朵朵直播app破解版污 69热app下载新版本 豆奶app下载新版本 望月直播app破解版污 月光直播app破解版污 小公主直播app破解版污 蓝颜app最新版下载 千层浪app下载新版本 蓝精灵直播app下载新版本 香蕉直播app破解版污 红高粱直播app下载新版本 AVnightapp下载新版本 Avboboapp下载新版本 梦幻直播app下载新版本 成版人短视频app最新版下载 91香蕉app破解版污 91香蕉app破解版污 菠萝蜜app最新版下载 抖阴app最新版下载 月亮视频app最新版下载 夜猫视频app破解版污 玉米视频app下载新版本 红颜app下载新版本 成版人抖音富二代app下载新版本 JAV名优馆app最新版下载 JOJO直播app最新版下载 和欢视频app下载新版本 左手视频app最新版下载 彩云直播app下载新版本 午夜直播间app下载新版本 69热app最新版下载 A头条app最新版下载 冈本视频app下载新版本 夜狼直播app最新版下载 小仙女app破解版污 花仙子直播app下载新版本 丝瓜视频污app最新版下载 花椒直播app最新版下载 秀色直播app最新版下载 快喵app破解版污 骚虎直播app破解版污 香蕉直播app下载新版本 樱桃直播app下载新版本 盘他直播app下载新版本 佳丽直播视频app破解版污 蜜柚app破解版污 秋葵视频app最新版下载 小优app下载新版本 污直播app最新版下载 swag台湾app下载新版本 快猫视频app下载新版本 春水堂视频app最新版下载 探花直播app最新版下载 蝶恋花直播app最新版下载 抖阴app下载新版本 69视频app破解版污 秋葵视频app最新版下载 A头条app下载新版本 恋夜秀场app下载新版本